The purpose of the Australian Handicap and Course Rating Systems is to make the game of golf more enjoyable for golfers by providing a means of measuring a golfer’s performance and progress and to enable golfers of differing abilities to compete on as equitable a basis as possible.
Through these systems, each golfer establishes an Australian Handicap which is a numerical measurement of a player's potential (not actual) scoring ability.
The relative difficulty of a golf course is determined jointly by Golf Australia and the state golf associations in accordance with the Golf Australia Course Rating Systems. Specially trained Course Rating Teams evaluate the difficulty of a golf course based on such variables as length and a number of obstacle factors.
In 2017, Serbian Golf Club Geelong became incorporated with Consumer Affairs Victoria allowing the club to join the Victorian Golf League for Golf Link Tier 1 access. This meant that the club now could enter its monthly golf games through Golf Link and that all members would hold an official Golf Australia handicap.